The Differences between the Collagen Types 1, 2, & 3
1.Collagen is Protein
Perhaps you’ve used collagen supplements or taken a form of gelatin to help improve the health of your hair, skin or nails. But do you know there are different collagen types and which types are better taken together or apart from each other? Did you know that aside from water, collagen is the most plentiful substance in our bodies and is a building block for skin, tendons, and bones?
Collagen types contain different proteins which serve separate purposes within the body. Types 1 & 3 can be taken together and may support skin, muscles, bone health, and hair and nail growth and maintenance.
Collagen Type 2 protein makes up the fluids and function in the cartilage and joints. Type 2 collagen supplements should be taken separately from Types 1 & 3 to ensure adequate absorption.
There are 19 amino acids (proteins) found in Collagen Types 1 & 3 – each essential to functions and maintenance within skin, muscles, and bones. These types are produced by fibroblasts (cells in connective tissues) and osteoblasts (cells that make bones).
Over 90 percent of collagen in the body is comprised of Type 1 & 3 Collagen. Proteins in these types include glycine, proline, alanine, and hydroxyproline.
· Glycine – the amino acid found at the highest levels in collagen, requires more serine than our bodies can naturally produce. Studies suggest the need for glycine supplementation to achieve ideal metabolic processes .
· Proline – a non-essential amino acid synthesized from glycine and important in function of joints and tendons .
· Hydroxyproline – amino acid that plays an essential role in the stability of collagen .
· Alanine – amino acid used in the biosynthesis of proteins
Collagen Type 2 is produced by chondrocytes (the non-cellular matrix of cartilage) – a liquid-like filling within the cartilage.
Collagen Types 1 & 3 for Hair, Skin, Nails, and Bones
Suggested use to take with juice or Vitamin C supplement in the morning. Take separately from Type 2 Collagen.
Collagen Types 1 & 3 may:
· minimize fine lines and wrinkles
· improve elasticity
· support the bone matrix (36% of bone is made up of collagen Type 1 and 3)
· correct weak or damaged nail beds
· thicken fine hair, slows hair loss
· improve circulation
promote glycine production which builds leans muscle and helps burn fat during sleep
Collagen Type 2 for Joint and Cartilage Support
Suggested use to take at bedtime on an empty stomach. To improve effectiveness, do not take in conjunction with Type 1 & 3.
Collagen Type 2:
· makes up 50-60% of protein in cartilage
· makes up 85-90% of collagen in articular cartilage
· may reduce popping knees
· may support back, jaw, and joints
· includes glucosamine, chondroitin, and hyaluronic acid